Allied Agriculture

Bio-Fuel plantations

  • The dryland areas in semi arid regions viz. Anantapur, Chittoor, Cuddapah, Kurnool in Rayalaseema; Mahaboobnagar, Adilabad, Nalgonda, Ranga Reddy. Karimnagar districts of Telangana besides Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam Srikakulam and other upland areas of coastal districts, can be brougt Pongamia/Jatropha plantations in a phased manner
  • Of these, Pongamia is found to be more suitable in terms of productivity survival and other uses besides bio-diesel utilization.
  • Pongamia, besides bio-diesel utility, was also found to be useful as green, manure and its cake as organic manure, when compared with Jatropha.
  • For achieving maximum survival of Pongamia/Jatropha, initial watering particularly during first summer is very much essential
  • In the districts mentioned above, 10% of the existing wasted lands can be earmarked for taking up these plantations.
  • Wastelands should be identified on mandal basis and specified for these plantations for immediate initiation.
  • Since these trees are with long gestation nature, suitable intercrops viz. groundnut, castor, greengram, bajra, maize may be encourage for intermittent income. Pastures such as Stylosanthes hamata, Cenchrus ciliaris can introduced in between these trees so that the dairy/meat industry can encouraged.
  • A tree density of 400 plants/ha should be maintained for conveniently adopting various agro-forestry systems with Pongamia/Jatropha as base tree for achieving sustained income.
  • In watershed areas, since soil and moisture conservation is major thrust, the trees can be extensively suggested as boundary plantations as well as vegetative barriers on contour bunds. By enCouraging Pongamia as boundary plantation, it will serve as wind breaks to prevent wind erosion.