Cattle health Management

First aid in cattle

  • Injuries to legs and horns are common in cattle.
  • Apart from this excess intake of grain rich diet, or fodder may lead to bloat and impaction.
  • Necessary treatment should be done immediately or else the animal may be in danger.


  • The wounds should be thoroughly cleaned in potassium permanganate solution.
  • Septic wounds should be cleaned with hot saline water.
  • In case of bleeding from the wound a bandage can be applied with the help of ganze cloth or cotton after applying suphanamide powder.
  • Maggot infestation can be treated by removing the maggots initially with a forceps and then camphor oil, turmeric powder or custard leaf can be applied.
  • Neem oil can be used as fly repellent.

Yone gall

  • It is a condition characterized by local swelling upon neck caused due to constant irrittion of yoke or plough.
  • Camphor mixed in coconut oil should be applied on the affected portion.
  • In case of severe swelling iodine ointment can be applied. Due to this it will rupture and then it can be treated like ordinary wound.
  • The animal should not be allowed for carting until the swelling ceases.

Horn facture

  • The hanging portion of the horn should be removed.
  • Bleeding can be prevented by applying a bandage with a white cloth dipped in water.
  • Sugar solution should be applied on the bandage. Consult the veterinary doctor for further treatment.


  • Hot fomentations with water should be applied thrice daily on the affected portion.
  • Massage the area with camphor oil
  • In case if it is possible to tie a bandage then it should be done with the help of tamarind leaves


  • Due to over feeding of fodder without water intake or due to intake of grain rich diet will lead to impaction of rumen.
  • Important symptoms include stoppage of rumination, dry and hard flakes of dung and severe abdominal pain.
  • Stop feeding the animal with any kind of diet.
  • 250 ml of castor oil can be given as a drench
  • It if is not subsided in two days then consult the veterinarian


  • A mixture of 50 ml of camphor oil and 500 ml of good quality oil should be drenched.
  • Stop feeding the animal till the bloat subsides
  • Small quantities of rice gruel can be fed

Non-specific dairhoea

  • Animal should be drenched with half a litre oil
  • A mixture of 20 gms of kaolin and 20 gms of crota should be mixed in the gruel and can be fed to the animal


Health Management

  • From profit point of view and from public health point of view a herd health programme among bovines is important without keeping diseases under control, progress in dairy cattle breeding is seriously impeded and the effects of good management and feeding cannot manifest themselves.

Key points to keep the animals healthy

  • Animal sheds and surroundings should be kept clean
  • Provide good quality nutritious feed to the animlas
  • Clean drinking water should be made available to the animals always
  • Elimination of mosquitoes, ticks etc from the sheds and animals

Examination of health condition of animals

  • The animal should be examined at the time of milking and feeding both in the morning and evening.
  • Proper diagnosis and control measures should be taken in order to prevent the spread of diseases.

Signs of health

  • Eating with relish and rumination
  • Muzzle and nostrils are moist
  • No fluctuation in milk yield
  • The normal temperature in cattle is 38.30 C to 38.80 C while in buffaloes it is 37.80 C to 39.30 C
  • Dung is semi solid in consistency with dark green colour
  • Urine of healthy animals are clear and straw coloured

Signs of ill health

  • Animals separating from the general herd showing weakness and lack of alertness
  • Stoppage of rumination
  • Fever is noticed
  • Redness in the eye and lancination observed
  • Hairs are raised on the skin
  • Yellow colour of dung indicate that the animal is suffering from constipation and loose motion indicate that it is having cholera
  • Change in quality and quantity of milk produced is an early indicator of disease
  • Undigested feed particles in the dung indicate there is some disturbance in the digestive system
  • Animals which are not taking feed while milking may be suspected for fever or any kind of indigestion


Vaccination schedule

  • Proper vaccination should be done to the animals at appropriate age in order to prevent the occurrence of diseases.

Vaccination schedule for cattle and buffaloes

Name of the disease
Age at 1st vaccination Booster dose Time of vaccination
Foot & Mouth Disease
Once in 6M
Mar – Apr

Aug – Sep

Rinder Pest
Once in a year
Jan – Feb
Haemorrhagic Septigaemia
Once in a year
May – June
Black-Quarter (Black-leg)
Once in a year
May – June
Once in a year
Once in a life period
After 4 M
Once in a year