Breed registration is an important step in documenting the vast animal genetic resource and related knowledge and information: Shri Radha Mohan Singh
Need to protect native animal genetic diversity in the global scenario of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and Intellectual Property Rights: Shri Singh
Agriculture Minister distributes certificates of all Animal Breed Registration
5 out of 9 newly registered breeds are from North Eastern states
Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister, Shri Radha Mohan Singh said breed registration is an important step in documenting the vast animal genetic resource and related knowledge and information and that this process will lead to preparation of an inventory of our genetic resources so that systematic efforts can be made for genetic improvement, conservation and sustainable utilization of these resources. Shri Singh said it today at the ceremony for Award of all Animal Breed Registration Certificates, organised in, New Delhi.
Shri Singh said that a large number of livestock and poultry breeds have evolved in India due to the fact that, they have diverse use and utility and found in varied climate and ecological zones. Currently, India has 512 million livestock and 729 million poultry heads. At present, there are 169 registered breeds of livestock and poultry in India, which include 41 breeds of cattle, 13 breeds of buffalo, 42 breeds of the sheep, 28 breeds of goat, 7 breeds each of pig and horse, 9 breeds of camel, one breed each of yak and donkey among livestock; and 18 breeds of chicken and one breed each of duck and geese among poultry group. It is important that for the first time, the breeds of Yak, Duck, and Geese have also been registered.
Union Agriculture Minister said that with the advent of era of national sovereignty on genetic resources under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), a new approach is required to catalogue and describe the animal breeds. There is a need to protect our native animal genetic diversity in the light of the global scenario after World Trade Organization (WTO) and Intellectual Property Rights. Understanding the diversity, distribution, basic characteristics, comparative performance, and current status of each country's animal genetic resources is essential for their efficient and sustainable use, improvement, and conservation. Effective management of diversity of our native animals requires complete National List and periodic monitoring of the trends and associated risks. I feel that in the absence of such information, some animal breeds may fall significantly in population or even become extinct.
On the occasion Shri Singh also mentioned that understanding the need for an authentic national documentation system of valuable sovereign animal genetic resources along with known characteristics, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) introduced a process for the registration of "Livestock and Poultry Breeds" through National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Karnal, in 2007. This system is the only recognized process for registration of "animal genetic resources" at national level. Once registered, these genetic materials are included in the public sector, so that we can prepare an inventory for genetic improvement, conservation, and sustainable use of these resources. This type of documenting process helps to create a sense of awareness and ownership among local communities, policy makers, and research and development organizations.
Shri Singh also said that at the beginning of breed registration process, a total of 129 indigenous breeds of livestock and poultry present in the country were registered together. After this, many new breeds were registered. Today this number has increased to 169. But, even today 54% of the country's livestock population is yet to be identified in the form of breeds. New livestock breeds are being recorded from remote and inaccessible areas of the country. Agriculture Minister said that he is happy to share that this time, 5 out of 9 newly registered breeds are from North-Eastern states. Still, there is a possibility of more breeds in these areas, which would be in pure form. Similarly, there may be still more new breeds of India's major livestock resources - cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, and pigs. It is also expected there should be unique and stable lesser-known population in other species like mule, yak, mithun, duck, quail, etc. which are yet to be identified.
Agriculture Minister said that it is a matter of great pleasure that like previous year ICAR is organizing such a program this year also, in which we are going to honour breed applicants for registration of different breeds. Shri Radha Mohan Singh said that such programs will encourage the farmers and the animal stakeholders of the country.
Strategy for High Agricultural Growth Rate, 2017-18: Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare
The Central Statistics Office (CSO) has released the Advance Estimate (AEs) of GDP and GVA for the country's economy for the year 2017-18. Further GVAs for the economy's sectors including agriculture have been increased. The GVA of 'Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing' for the year 2017-18 has been estimated at 2.1 per cent compared to 4.9 per cent in the preceeding year 2016-17.
The Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare (MoAFW) has had a quick deliberation on the growth rate for the Agriculture sector to strategize on ensuring that the year 2017-18 ends up with a much higher growth rate.
The components of the economic activity 'Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing' and their respective approximate GVA shares are as below:
i. Crops - 60 per cent
ii. Livestock - 20 per cent
iii. Forestry & logging- 8.5 per cent
iv. Fishing and aquaculture - 5.5 per cent
Further, crop sector includes both agriculture and horticulture, of which foodgrains are pre-dominant.
The Advance Estimate released by CSO are based on the data on crop coverage and estimated production shared by the Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DES), Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare. The DES has shared data on area coverage and production for the Kharif 2017-18 in respect of foodgrains, oilseeds and commercial crops, based on their compilation by the month of August, 2017. These Estimate by DES are largely eye Estimate by state governments.
In respect of horticultural crops, another important component of the crop sector the data relating to area coverage and production Estimate was shared by the Horticulture Advisor, Ministry of Agriculture with the CSO.
It would help to know, that the area coverage under different crops in Kharif as of August, 2017 was below that of the previous year on account of delay in onset of monsoons in some parts of the country. However, good rainfall thereafter helped the Ministry in increasing the area coverage in accordance with kharif targets. Despite delay in onset of monsoons and relatively poorer rainfall vis-à-vis the previous year, the area coverage under kharif finally rose to 106.55 million ha. against the five year average of 105.86 million ha.
In case of horticulture, similar positive trend in respect of both area coverage and production is seen as of December, 2017. The area coverage as per first advance Estimate under fruits & vegetables stands at 24.92 million ha., as against the previous year final of 24.85 million ha. Concomitantly, the horticulture output as per first advance Estimate is 305.4 million tonnes compared to 300.6 million tonnes in the previous year (2016-17).
Since crop sector inclusive of foodgrains, oilseeds, commercial crops and horticulture account for more than 60 per cent in the weightage of the economic activity, namely, 'Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing', the value in respect of crops is bound to influence overall sectoral GVA Estimate either positively or negatively. It is, hence logical, that the computation based on area coverage under crops as in August 2017 had a negative impact on the Advance Estimate for the overall Agriculture sector. The GVA estimate is bound to get corrected upwards, if increased area coverage by December 2017 and concomitant production Estimate in case of foodgrains, oilseeds and commercial crops, in particular are taken into account. These three account for higher percentage of share than horticulture in the GVA computation. And horticulture is showing a higher productivity Estimate.
The Ministry of Agriculture is of the opinion, that the lower coverage of area by August, 2017 on account of delayed onset of monsoons has caused a poor reflection compared to the actual positive field situation by December, 2017. The Estimate also indicate that despite a lower or negative share of crop sector in the GVA computation of Agriculture, based on August 2017 status the growth rate still worked out to 2.1 per cent. This is a manifestation of higher growth rates in livestock and fishery sectors, the other two components. As seen thus, even by August, 2017 the estimated production of livestock and fishery was very positive and by December, crop the dominant sector has bounced back. If this amended and actual field situation are taken into account in computation of the GVA for Agriculture sector as a whole, its growth rate can be estimated to be much higher than the Advance Estimate of 2.1 per cent.
The Ministry is optimistic about achieving a high growth rate because the Rabi, 2017 is showing a very good performance in addition to good Kharif, 2017. By 5th January, 2018 the area coverage under Rabi is 58.6 million ha., which is a very good progress. Considering that the Rabi sowing continues upto first week of February, the total area under crops and resultant production will be very good.
In totality, the crop segment in 2017-18 is expected to compare more favourably than the five year average of area coverage. Further, the Ministry expects to consolidate the record production achieved during the year 2016-17, by focusing on realizing higher productivity. The credit made available for the year 2017-18 is as high as Rs.10 lakh crore compared to Rs.9 lakh crore in the year 2016-17. The Ministry has been pursing with all the state governments to enhance the availability of credit to the farmers which is a critical input for achieving higher productivity.
It is also important to note that the Advance Estimate for the year 2017-18 comes on the back of a very robust GVA of 4.9 per cent in the previous year. Considering that crop segment constitutes a dominant component of the GVA computation, its performance is very critical. However, with inelasticity of land where there exists little scope for increase in the average coverage, productivity enhancement assumes importance. Crops in particular and agriculture in general are highly dependent on monsoons and overall status of weather. Even small variations in weather tend to influence agriculture adversely, as seen for example, in the area coverage by August 2017. The Ministry has, therefore, been focusing on achieving higher productivity in all the segments including crops. It is confident that its initiatives including soil health card, NFSM, MIDH, PMKSY, PMFBY, e-NAM, higher credit basket and management of all other inputs including fertilizers, besides a robust PMFBY for crop risk cover will help in achieving higher productivity. Many states have already made requests for procurement of Kharif produce, inclusive of pulses & oilseeds. The requests have come from various states, namely, Gujarat, Maharashtra, U.P., Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh etc. The Ministry has already approved procurement proposals worth 22 lakh metric tonnes. This far exceeds the last year's procurement. In addition, Madhya Pradesh is undertaking its own operations under Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana. Further, requests for Tur (Arhar) procurements will start pouring in from Karnataka, Telangana etc. where the crop growth is highly robust and high productivity is expected. Such high demands from states for procurement is indicative of high productivity being realized during Kharif 2017.
The Agriculture sector can, therefore, be expected to register a much higher GVA for the year 2017-18, when final estimate figures are released.
Farmers can increase income by adopting technologies like crop rotation, integrated farming, organic farming, double/triple cropping system
In the changing global competitiveness, there is a tremendous scope for improvement in agriculture in the North-East region, including Meghalaya
Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh addressed a gathering at the North-East Regional Agriculture Fair 2018 organised by the ICAR Research Complex for North Eastern Hill (NEH) Region, Umiam, Meghalaya.
He said ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, since its inception has done many basic, strategic and applied research specific to the farming problems of the NEH Region. It developed 32 location specific farming system and agro-forestry models, including viable alternatives to shifting cultivation, release of 56 crop varieties, which includes 37 rice varieties, identifying high yielding livestock and fish species/breeds, packaging of practices for field and horticultural crops including production technology for 32 crops on cropping system basis, livestock and fish farming practices, crop and livestock production measures etc. are some of the salient research achievements of the institute. Recognising the need for the skilled human resource in the development of agriculture, the Central Agricultural University, Imphal, has been strengthened. Before the Modi Government, there were only seven colleges in the eastern states, which has been increased to 13 in the last three-and-a-half-year and it includes a horticulture college and an agricultural college in Badapani, Meghalaya. Earlier, there were 5 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in Meghalaya and now the state has seven.
The Minister appreciated ICAR, NEH Region, Umiam, for launching the programme to double the income of the farmers on a pilot basis in the villages adopted by them in the next 5 years. He said 90 per cent assistance is given to North-East states and Meghalaya should accelerate the implementation of these schemes.
Hon'ble Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh said the Government has initiated different flagship programmes for the welfare of the people living in rural areas, especially farming communities by improving the current farming systems and thereby doubling their income from agriculture and allied sectors. The Minister said this at the North Eastern Regional Agriculture Fair 2018 organised by the ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam.
In the changing global competitiveness, there is a tremendous scope for improvement in agricultural in the North-East region, including Meghalaya. Continuous employment generation in farming sectors through location-specific technologies in a profitable manner in partnership with different stakeholders are the driving forces to attract and retain youth in agriculture. The cooperation and convergence among the states, public, private and other stakeholders in the state and sharing of information, technology, knowledge and resources can play a key role in mutual development by saving of precious natural resources and time.
The Minister said that through the adoption of improved technologies, the productivity and farmers' income can be increased. The superior quality horticultural crops such as orange, pineapple, flowers, etc. can be produced in the region and the surplus can be marketed with the effective supply chain management, a key area that needs intervention. The farmers can increase their income by adopting technologies like crop rotation, integrated farming, organic farming, double/triple cropping system by the farmers instead of relying on traditional farming.
To boost the agriculture sector, the Indian government has set up an ambitious goal to double farmers' income by 2022. For this, the government has started various schemes - from irrigation, soil health management, organic farming to crop insurance. The government of Meghalaya should utilise the amount allocated under Prime Minister's Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana. The state government has failed to spend the funds amounting to over Rs. 50 lakh allotted for micro-irrigation under Per Drop More Crop scheme. It is lying unused for four years. In FY 2015-16, Rs 1.44 crores was given for water management and water harvesting, the government could not spend the amount in that year.
Even in the year 2016-17, it was unable to spend Rs 32 lakhs and for the year 2017-18, the state has Rs 2.2 crores and according to the information, the expenditure report has not been submitted to the Government of India. In FY 2015-17, Rs 44 lakhs was allocated to the Meghalaya government for Soil Health Card (SHC) and as per the information available, so far 2,09,000 Soil Health Cards have been distributed. And this year Rs 53 lakh has been allocated for SHC.
Meghalaya is organic by default and a new scheme was launched after Modi government came to the power and allocated funds to the state. The utility certificate of Rs 1.59 crorea allocated in FY 2016-17 has not yet been sent to the Government of India. The funds allocated by the Modi government in the last four years under oilseeds and oil palm mission wasn't utilised between 2014-15 and 2015-16. In FY 2016-17, only Rs 57 lakh has been spent.
The Government allocated Rs 1.5 crores in FY 2017-18, and out of that Rs 80 lakhs has already been released. So far, we don't have any report of expenditure. I would like to tell the state government to speed up implementation of the schemes started by the Modi Government to increase the income of the farmers.
Rabi Crops Sowing Crosses 586 Lakh Hactare
As per preliminary reports received from the States, the total area sown under Rabi crops as on 5th January 2018 stands at 586.37 lakh hectares as compared to 587.62 lakh hectare this time in 2017.
Wheat has been sown/transplanted in 283.46 lakh hectares, rice in 18.77 lakh hectares, pulses in 154.91 lakh hectares, coarse cereals in 52.54 lakh hectares and area sown under oilseeds is 76.69 lakh hectares.
The area sown so far and that sown during last year this time is as follows:
|Crop||Area sown in 2017-18 (Lakh hectare)||Area sown in 2016-17 (Lakh hectare)|
Price Policy for Rabi Crops for 2017-18 Season-Fixation of Minimum Support Price (MSP) of Toria for 2017-18 season to be marketed in 2018-19
In the notification of the Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, dated 18th December, 2017 (PIB Press Release on 21st December 2017) for the words of para (i) "the Minimum Support Price (MSP) of Toria of Fair Average Quality (FAQ) for 2017-18 season to be marketed in 2018-19 has been fixed at Rs. 3900/- per quintal" may be read as "the Minimum Support Price (MSP) of Toria of Fair Average Quality (FAQ) for 2017-18 season to be marketed in 2018-19 has been fixed at Rs. 3900/- per quintal including bonus of Rs. 100/- per quintal".
Institutional credit to small farmers
Government has taken several measures to increase institutional credit flow and to bring more and more farmers including small and marginal farmers within the institutional credit fold. These measures, inter alia, include the following major steps to provide hassle free crop loans to farmers including small and marginal farmers:-
i). Under the Interest Subvention Scheme (ISS)Short Term Crop loans upto Rs.3 lakh are extended to farmers at a subvented interest rate of 7% per annum for a period up to one year. In case of prompt repayment, the farmers can avail a prompt repayment incentive of 3% per annum and thus the effective rate of interest on such loans is only 4%.
ii). The ISS also provides for post harvest loans for up to 6 months at the same rate of interest as Short Term Crop loans to Kisan Credit Card holding Small and Marginal Farmers, to encourage them not to resort to distress sale and instead store their produce in Warehouses accredited with Warehousing Development Regulatory Authority (WDRA) against Negotiable Warehouse Receipts (NWR).
iii). Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued Priority Sector Lending Guidelines (PSL), which mandate all Domestic Scheduled Commercial Banks to earmark 18% of their Adjusted Net Bank Credit (ANBC) or Credit Equivalent amount of Off-Balance Sheet Exposure (OBE), whichever is higher, as on the corresponding date of the previous year, for lending to Agriculture. Within the 18 percent target for agriculture, a sub-target of 8 % for small and marginal farmers has been fixed to help in increasing the flow of credit to small and marginal farmers.
iv). As per PSL guidelines loans to distressed farmers to repay non-institutional lenders are eligible under priority sector. Besides loans to stressed persons (other than farmers) not exceeding Rs. 1,00,000/- per borrower to repay their debt to non-institutional lender are also eligible for the purpose of priority sector lending by banks.
v). The Government implements the Kisan Credit Card (KCC) Scheme aimed at providing adequate and timely credit support from the banking system under a single window to the farmers for their cultivation and other needs. In terms of master circular dated July 03, 2017 of RBI, tenant farmers, oral lessees or share croppers are also covered under the KCC Scheme. The Scheme provides for sanction of the limit for 5 years with simplified renewal every year. All the banks have been advised to implement the scheme. The issue of smart-cum debit card, mandated under the revised guidelines, is enabling the farmers to access multiple delivery channels.
vi). To bring small, marginal, tenant farmers, oral lessees, etc. taking up farm activities, off-farm activities and non-farm activities, into the fold of institutional credit, Joint Liability Groups (JLGs) have been promoted by banks. The announcement of Union Budget for 2014-15 for financing of 5 lakh JLGs of 'Bhoomi Heen Kisan' (landless farmers) has given further credence to efforts of National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) in innovating and reaching out to the landless farmers through JLG scheme of financing.
vii). Banks have been advised by RBI to waive margin/security requirements of agricultural loans upto Rs.1,00,000/-, vide RBI's circular dated 18th June, 2010.
viii). RBI has issued directions for Relief Measures to be provided by respective lending institutions in areas affected by natural calamities which, inter alia, include, restructuring/rescheduling of existing crop loans and term loans, extending fresh loans, relaxed security and margin norms, moratorium, etc. These directions have been so designed that the moment calamity is declared by the concerned District Authorities they are automatically set in motion without any intervention, thus saving precious time. The benchmark for initiating relief measures by banks has also been reduced to 33% crop loss in line with the National Disaster Management Framework.
As on 31st March, 2017, cumulatively 24.53 lakh Joint Liability Groups (JLGs) have been provided Rs.26,848.13 crore loan by banks across the country. In Andhra Pradesh, 1,82,375 JLGs have availed loans of Rs.1,618.05 crore and in Telangana, 35,748 JLGs have availed bank loans aggregating to Rs.620.94 crore, as on 31st March, 2017. The details of small and marginal farmers availing loan through JLG mode of financing is not maintained separately.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Shri Parshottam Rupala, in reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.
Government has launched e-Pashu Haat portal (www.epashuhaat.gov.in) for connecting breeders and farmers of indigenous breeds. Through the portal farmers can obtain information on location of quality indigenous germplasm in the form live animals, semen doses and embryos. This portal is playing crucial role in development and conservation of indigenous breeds. As on date complete information along with pedigree and productivity details on availability of 40,542 live animals, 6.25 crore semen doses and 372 embryos is available on the portal.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Smt. Krishna Raj, in reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.
Secretary (DADF) directs procurement of all Milk being produced by Milk farmers in flush season
Rs.10,881 crore of financial assistance is being provided under Dairy Processing Infrastructure Fund (DIDF)
DADF has issues an advisory to States to include milk in the Mid-day Meal Scheme, Anganwadi Scheme etc
Department of Food and Public Distribution were requested to consider inclusion of milk in the PDS system
The cooperatives have also been advise to set a target 2% share in the World Trade by 2020
Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare taken a meeting on 21st December, 2017, all the country's major cooperatives such as Gujarat (AMUL), Karnataka (Nandini), Bihar (Sudha), Haryana (Vita), Punjab (Verka), Uttar Pradesh (PCDF-Parag) were directed to ensure that the milk being brought by farmers to the cooperative dairies should be purchased without discrimination. Already, the milk procurement by the cooperatives during November 2017 has recorded an increase of 20.4% in milk procurement as compared to the last year. The Procurement Price of milk during November 2017 is also higher by 4.7% when compared to last year. The stock of Skimmed Milk Powder (SMP) is at 1,16,946 MT due to higher conversion and expected to be upto 2,00,000 MT by the end of March 2018. Domestic price of Skimmed Milk Powder (SMP) and Ghee is higher by about 9% and 19% respectively during November'2017 when compared to last year.
Secretary (ADF) directed that a target of 255 MMT of Milk Production by 2022 has been set by the Department so as to double the farmers' income in line with achieving the Prime Minister's vision of doubling the farmers' income. The total share of milk procurement by cooperatives is to be increased from existing 10% to 20% of milk production by 2022. This will ensure better returns to dairy farmers. The States and Cooperatives are to prepare their plans accordingly. Rs.10,881 crore of financial assistance is being provided under Dairy Processing Infrastructure Fund (DIDF) to Milk Federations/Unions for the purpose.
Further, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries has issued an advisory on 15.12.2017 to States to include milk in the Mid-day Meal Scheme, Anganwadi Scheme etc. Department of Food and Public Distribution were requested to consider inclusion of milk in the PDS system. Ministry of Women and Child Development was requested to include milk in the Nutrition Mission like Anganwadi Scheme. This will increase the consumption of milk and subsequently better returns to dairy farmers even in flush season as well.
The cooperatives have also been advised to set a target 2% share in the World Trade by 2020. National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) will prepare an action plan in coordination with the States to achieve the export target.
Availability of Urea in 45 Kg bags instead of 50 Kg bags may bring down consumption of Urea by 10%: Shri Rao Inderjit Singh
Minister of State for Planning (IC) and Chemicals & Fertilizers, Shri Rao Inderjit Singh, in a written reply to a question on innovative solutions taken by the Government to cut urea consumption, in Lok Sabha today, informed that with the objective of encouraging balanced use of fertilizers, Department of Fertilizers has made it mandatory for all the domestic producers of urea to produce 100% as Neem Coated Urea (NCU). Entire quantity of both indigenously produced urea and imported urea is being neem coated w.e.f 1st September, 2015 and 1st December, 2015 respectively.
One of the primary benefits of Neem coating is the slow release
of urea, which results in increased Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE).
Due to NUE, the consumption of Neem Coated Urea reduces as compared
to normal urea, the Minister added
Shri Singh also informed that in the light of increased effectiveness of NCU, Government of India vide notification dated 4th September, 2017, has decided to introduce 45 Kg bag of urea in place of existing 50 Kg bags and a period of six months have been given to urea units as lead time to ensure smooth implementation of the policy.
Further, the Minister stated that since farmers mostly assess the requirement of urea in terms of bags for agriculture purpose, it is estimated that the availability of urea in 45 Kg bags instead of 50 Kg bag may bring down consumption of Urea by 10%. The All India consumption of urea for the last 3 years is given below:
|S. No.||Year||Urea Consumption (LMT)|
|3||2016-17 (NCU Consumption)||296.14|
The Minister added that the import of urea is based on demand supply gap dynamics. The Government of India has allocated Rs. 14,000 Crore for Imported Urea in the Budgetary Estimates (BE) 2017-18.
Record production of Horticulture Crops at 300.6 Million Tonnes which is 5% higher than the year 2015-16
Productivity for horticulture sector increases by about 3.45% in 2016-17 (Final Estimates) as compared to 2015-16
Fruits productivity increases from 14.3 Tonnes/Ha in 2015-16 to
14.6 Tonnes/Ha in 2016-17(Final)
Vegetables productivity increases from 16.7 Tonnes/Ha in 2015-16 to
Production of fruits is estimated to be 93 million tonnes which is 3% higher than previous year.
Record production of 178 million tonnes of vegetables which is about 5% higher than the previous year
First Advance Estimate 2017-18 and Final estimate 2016-17 for area and production of Horticulture Crops
The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare has released the 2016-17 (Final) and 2017-18 (1st Advance Est.) of Area and Production of Horticulture Crops. These estimates are based on the information received from different State/UTs in the country
The following table summarizes the All-India Final Estimates: 2016-17 and 2017-18 (1st Advance Estimates):
(First Adv. Est.)
|% change of 2016-17(Final) w.r.t. 2015-16||% change of 2017-18(First Advance Est) w.r.t. 2016-17 (Final)|
Highlights for 2016-17 (Final Estimates):-
There has been a record production of Horticulture Crops with production during the year 2016-17(F) reaching 300.6 Million Tonnes which is 5% higher than in the previous year.
Productivity for horticulture sector as a whole, has increased by about 3.45% in 2016-17(Final Estimates) as compared to 2015-16
In fruits, productivity has increased from 14.3 Tonnes/Ha in 2015-16 to 14.6 Tonnes/Ha in 2016-17(Final). In vegetables it has increased from 16.7 Tonnes/Ha in 2015-16 to 17.4 tonnes/ha.
Production of fruits is estimated to be 93 million tonnes which is 3% higher than previous year.
There has been a record production of 178 million tonnes of vegetables which is about 5% higher than the previous year.
With an increase of 7%, the production of Onion during the year 2016-17 is estimated at 224 lakh Tonnes as against 209 lakh Tonnes in 2015-16.
Production of Potato in the year 2016-17 (Final) is estimated at 486 lakh Tonnes as against 434 lakh Tonnes in 2015-16 which is 12% higher.
With an increase of 10.5%, the production of Tomato in year 2016-17(Final) is estimated at 207 lakh Tonnes as against 187 lakh Tonnes in 2015-16.
Highlights of 2017-18 (First Advance Estimates):-
The Total Horticulture production of the country is estimated to be an impressive level of 305.4 Million Tonnes during 2017-18(First Adv. Est) which is 1.6% higher than the previous year and 8% higher than the past 5 years' average production..
Productivity for horticulture sector as a whole, has marginally increased by about 1.3% in 2017-18(First Adv. Estimates) as compared to 2016-17.
Production of fruits is estimated to be about 95 million tonnes which is 2% higher than previous year.
Production of vegetables is estimated to be about 181 million tonnes which is about 1% higher than the previous year.
Onion production in the in the current year is likely to be around 214 lakh Tonnes as against 224 lakh Tonnes in 2016-17 (Final Est.), which is about 4.5% lower than the previous year.
Potato production is estimated at 493 lakh Tonnes as against 486 lakh Tonnes in 2016-17(Final) which is about 1% higher than the previous year.
Tomato production in the current year is likely to be around 223 lakh Tonnes as against 207 lakh Tonnes in 2016-17 (Final Est.) which is about 7.7% higher than the previous year.
Investment in Agriculture Sector
Public investment in agriculture and allied sectors (at 2011-12 prices) increased from Rs.35696 crore in 2011-12 to Rs.44957 crore in 2015-16. The details of the same from 2011-12 to 2015-16 (latest available) is given below:
|Year||Public Investment (at 2011-12 prices) (in Crs)|
Source: Central Statistics Office (CSO), M/o Statistics & PI.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, in reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.